Rapid changes in the manufacturing sector are putting legacy technologies to the test. Executives have recognised modern manufacturing must be streamlined, agile, and intelligent for businesses to get ahead.
Organisations are operating in a minefield of geopolitical uncertainty and mass disruption, which has caused issues such as microchip delays, production breakdowns, and supply shortages. To mitigate these issues, executives are taking steps to digitise the factory floor and create safer, smarter, and risk-proof operations. But manufacturing innovation isn’t easy.
I spoke with three industry experts on the Innovation Today podcast to get their takes on how top-performing companies are building the factories of the future.
Manufacturers have made significant investments in their legacy tools and products, and they can’t simply shut them down and start from scratch. Graeme Wright, chief digital officer for manufacturing and utilities at Fujitsu, points out legacy technologies and approaches have created silos in most manufacturing organisations.
“IT and OT [operational technology] don’t tend to talk to each other,” he says. This disconnect makes it difficult to streamline technologies and processes across departments.
Most manufacturers lack a unified platform to provide visibility into the technology on the floor and how it’s being used, increasing the risk of cyberattacks and workplace safety incidents. At the same time, manufacturing is struggling to attract and retain talent.
This has complicated knowledge transfer because so much information is in people’s heads and has never been digitised, says Vamshi Rachakonda, vice president of sales at Capgemini Americas. When they leave, they take it with them.
Like workers in other sectors, manufacturing employees are looking for a consumerised work experience, which wasn’t possible in the sector until recently, Wright says. Today’s manufacturing firms must take major steps toward digitisation to survive in this challenging landscape.
A number of digital solutions have emerged to create a future-proof factory floor. But where should you start? Rachakonda says executives should “peel the onion,” approaching digitisation as a step-by-step opportunity rather than a problem they can solve overnight. He suggests organisations begin by taking stock of their existing technologies and processes to develop realistic goals.
Once that’s done, prioritise creating a single source of truth that everyone in the organisation can reference. Organsations should invest in a platform that streamlines operations, Wright says. ServiceNow Manufacturing Connected Workforce accomplishes this by digitising standard operating processes, simplifying knowledge transfer.
While consolidating knowledge, identify places where departments might share data. “You can’t manage what you can’t measure,” Wright says. Data sharing should be a top priority for IT and OT.
To that end, ServiceNow Operational Technology Management can provide a unified view of all IT and OT assets. Aligning IT and OT enables the two functions to communicate seamlessly about what they need. It also allows security teams to identify and prioritise cyberthreats across the entire technology ecosystem.
Wright suggests manufacturers create an automation Center of Excellence to discover bottlenecks and identify opportunities to automate. Use your existing employee base where possible, deploying tools such as robotic process automation (RPA) and machine learning to handle routine tasks so that humans can focus on more challenging and creative work.
Prebuilt orchestration on the Now Platform automates repetitive tasks. “Take the human element out of these tasks so the humans can do more innovative work,” Wright adds.
Once you address the knowledge repository, prioritise workplace safety. Virtual reality and augmented reality allow workers to get hands-on training without exposing them to unnecessary risk, Rachakonda says. These technologies can simulate the types of dangers someone might face on the factory floor so that workers know what to look for before they encounter those situations.
Overall, Rachakonda emphasises the importance of focusing on tangible, impactful steps with a broader goal of digitising the entire organisation. “That's where you are going to get more funding, more trust, more acceptance from all the stakeholders involved,” he says.
Samit Pathak, a senior manager at Deloitte, stresses that software can’t fix everything. Culture matters too. “The last few years have put a microscope on that,” he says. Organisations should develop muscle memory to respond to crises with agility and speed, he adds. That means building a culture of preparedness throughout the organisation.
Pathak cites the automotive industry as a positive example. The industry prizes communication, clarity, and visibility as part of its risk prevention strategy, he says. This culture helped absorb some of the shock of the supply chain issues the automotive industry faced coming out of the pandemic.
“Being proactive, looking beyond your org, and thinking about the multitiered nature of the value chain,” he says, are the values that matter most.
Find out more in our ebook: Accelerate time to value in manufacturing.
© 2023 ServiceNow, Inc. All rights reserved. ServiceNow, the ServiceNow logo, Now, and other ServiceNow marks are trademarks and/or registered trademarks of ServiceNow, Inc. in the United States and/or other countries. Other company names, product names, and logos may be trademarks of the respective companies with which they are associated.