Security orchestration, automation and response (SOAR) is a security incident management and response solution.
Security orchestration, automation and response (SOAR) primarily focuses on threat management, security operations automation and security incident responses. SOAR platforms can instantly assess, detect, intervene or search through incidents and processes without the consistent need for human interaction.
SOAR capabilities include:
Aspects of those capabilities are:
A security information and event management (SIEM) system collects, analyses and stores security related data, including security incidents and events—data could range from firewalls and network devices to patterns that would indicate a cyber attack. SIEM tools typically need a degree of calibration and oversight to determine the accuracy of the data collected and to triage the more important data, which can be labour intensive. SOAR programmes are often automated and typically do not require a large degree of expert human oversight to determine if the security events are false positives or actual incidents that require investigation. Time spent investigating and mitigating can be used much more efficiently and usefully.
Success with security is ideally the combination of SIEM and SOAR. A lot is dependent on the size and type of data gathered around events, and a larger organisation could receive up to millions of alerts a day, which a SIEM will gather and analyse. But a lot of data analysis is required to process through all of the data, which is where SOAR can be used in conjunction with a SIEM to process and manage incident response much faster, removing the time consuming and laborious manual incident prioritisation and response processes.
SOAR is capable of integrating into a wider network of both security and IT platforms, which creates a larger degree of flexibility for any organisation and their security operations. There is minimal disruption while enhancing security and efficiency.
Every organisation should take security practices very seriously, and SOAR is a proven solution for all organisations, as they continue to struggle with increasingly high volumes of information about security and network activity. Multiple teams need to interact with security platforms, and SOAR can help keep everything centralised, efficient and responsive.
Orchestration layers are more successful with the implementation of plugins for the most common use cases and technology, which provide pre-built workflows. IT processes and security workflows can then be automated and your technology stack can be connected and collaborative. While you’ll likely need to add additional orchestrations or customise some workflows, there are many templates and building blocks that are easily accessible and help streamline the process.
SOAR solutions can provide the flexibility to either adapt the templated use case workflows to your processes, or build out new workflows easily. There are also collaboration opportunities between other organisations, among teams and across the enterprise, which can further the need for customisation and development of current and new workflows.
SOAR solutions constantly gather information and prioritise incidents using automation that functions based on both pre-planned and custom rules. This ever vigilant approach delivers faster and more accurate incident assessment and prioritisation, which can then be utilised to confirm whether a threat is valid, enabling security teams to focus on the threats that matter most.
Repeated tasks and consistently checking data can be monotonous—such mundane tasks can be automated to increase speed and team morale. Employees can then spend more time innovating and orchestrating, focusing on only those threats that are most impactful.
Automated responses to threats using SOAR can free up time, which allows employees more opportunities to focus on priority tasks rather than digging through the alerts to determine which ones should be responded to.
SOAR technology can accelerate response time to threats and vulnerabilities, as well as increase the accuracy of responses. This machine and data driven workflow significantly reduces the chances of human error, such as missed relevant data, misinterpreted analysis or also false positives.
SOAR solutions can make security more self-operating and less manual—this helps eliminate repeated tasks, like constantly checking alerts and data that are continually gathered. Repeated tasks and constant human interaction can increase the chance of human error. Automated programmes can significantly reduce errors, especially as monotonous tasks are eliminated.
Multiple processes and teams are often needed for effective incident response, and SOAR is capable of streamlining processes to create centralised and accessible areas for teams to collaborate.